Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim, TI (Urdu: فخر الدين جى ابراهيم; born 12 February 1928) is the current Chief Election Commissioner
(CEC) of Pakistan. He took the oath as CEC on 23 July 2012, after being
appointed by the President of Pakistan. He is a retired Associate Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, and Senior Advocate Supreme Court and is known as a peace activist. Ebrahim also served as the interim Law Minister from 18 July 1993 until 19 October 1993, and interim Justice Minister from 5 November 1996 until 17 February 1997. He was the Attorney General of Pakistan during the government of former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
and served as his close legal adviser throughout the 1970s. In 1988, he
was also Governor of Sindh, appointed by the former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto during her first term.
Ebrahim was born in 1928 in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat, British India to a Gujarati family. In 1945, Ebrahim attended the Gujarat Vidyapith where he earned his LLB with distinctions in 1949. While there, Ebrahim studied courses on philosophy and also attended the lectures given by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, which played an important role in his advocacy for non-violence. In 1950, Ebrahim moved to Pakistan and attended the Sindh Muslim Law College, where he earned an LLM and was awarded an honorary Juris Doctor
in 1960. In 1961, Ebrahim established his own firm while he continued
to lecture at the Sindh Law College. In 1971, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
appointed him Attorney General of Pakistan.
In March 1981, serving as an ad hoc Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, he refused to take a fresh oath, under the Provisional Constitutional Order (PCO) promulgated by General Zia-ul-Haq along with Justice Dorab Patel and Chief Justice Sheikh Anwarul Haq. The PCO not only negated the independence of the judiciary but also prolonged martial law by nullifying the effect of a judgement giving General Zia's regime limited recognition.
Ebrahim served as the Governor of Sindh from 19 April 1989 to 6 August 1990. He was preceded by Qadeeruddin Ahmed and succeeded by Mahmood A. Haroon.
Ebrahim established the Citizen Police Liaison Committee (CPLC) in 1989. The CPLC works in Karachi and assists citizens in registering the First Information Report (FIR) if it is refused by police for some reason.
In 1996, Ebrahim served as law minister in the caretaker cabinet of President Farooq Leghari, following the dismissal of the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
Ebrahim heads the law firm of Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim & Company, a general legal practice originally established in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. The firm relocated to Karachi in 1951.
Ebrahim has had long-standing ties with the Pakistan Cricket Board
(PCB). In 1995, the PCB initiated an inquiry, under the chairmanship of
Ebrahim, to look into allegations made by Australian players Shane Warne and Mark Waugh surrounding the First Test between Pakistan and Australia in Karachi in 1994 and the ODI in Rawalpindi. The Australian cricketers had accused Saleem Malik
of offering them bribes which they rejected. The inquiry was frustrated
as the Australian players did not travel to Pakistan to give evidence,
and thus the Inquiry had to rely on their statements together with the
cross examination of Saleem Malik. In October 1995, Ebrahim concluded
the proceedings by saying "The allegations against Saleem Malik are not
worthy of any credence and must be rejected as unfounded." In December
2006, Ebrahim also served as the Chairman of the PCB's Anti-doping
Appeals Committee, which acquitted Shoaib Akhtar and Mohammad Asif.
Ebrahim was in favour of the acquittal and said, "This appeal committee
[therefore] holds that will not be deemed to have committed a doping
offence ... The ban and punishment imposed by the earlier tribunal is
hereby set aside as being contrary to the provision of laws.
The Parliamentary Committee on Appointment of the Chief Election
Commissioner (CEC) on Monday developed consensus on the name of Justice
(retd) Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim for the position of the CEC, (9 july 2012)
Ebrahim’s name had been proposed by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
(PML-N) after consultation with Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in May.
The PML-N had proposed the names of Justice Shakirullah Jan, Justice
(retd) Fakharuddin G. Ebrahim and Justice (retd) Nasir Aslam Zahid for
the post. The government had proposed the names of Justice (retd) Munir
A. Sheikh, Justice (retd) Amirul Mulk Mengal and Justice (retd) Zahid