|Former Chairman Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories Kahuta|
|Born: 01 April 1936|
|Profession: Metallurgical Engineering|
|Affiliation(s): Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories Kahuta|
|Views: 16,281 | Comments: 27 | Votes: 19|
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|Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan, who was born in Bhopal on April 1, 1936, which corresponds to the Hijri era 1355, Thursday 15th Rajab.
After receiving his early education in Bhopal, Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan obtained the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1960 from the University of Karachi. This was the beginning of the unfolding of his intellectual power.
Berlin, West Germany
Subsequently, he studied in Berlin, West Germany and achieved high
competence through attending several courses in metallurgical
Delft technological university, Holland
He obtained the degree of Master of Science (Technology) in 1967 from Delft Technological University, Holland, and
University of Leuven, Belgium
He obtained Doctor of Engineering Degree in 1972
form the University of Leuven, Belgium. The restless soul of Dr. Abdul
Quadeer Khan took him to several laboratories in Europe including
Uranium Enrichment Plant in Holland.
Engineering Research Laboratories (ERL) Pakistan
It was the essence of his being sharpened by high scholastic
achievements in metallurgical and nuclear science that his will and
essence at all times remained directed towards the welfare of Pakistan.
In 1976, he joined the Engineering Research Laboratories (ERL) in Pakistan and set up an uranium enrichment industrial plant.
Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan Research Laboratories (KRL)
As a tribute to his services for the security of Pakistan on May 1, 1981,
the then President of Pakistan, General Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq renamed the
Engineering Research Laboratories, Kahuta, as, Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan
Research Laboratories (KRL). These laboratories were equipped from
nothing to something focusing on enrichment of Uranium for peaceful
application of nuclear technology. Over the years, the laboratories
became a focal point for a large number of scientists, engineers and
technologists which Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan gathered around himself and
guided them to the tasks which have led to unparallel advances in
science and technology. This was done under very challenging and
difficult circumstances. It was only his courage, devotion,
determination and persistence, which earned success for him, his
colleagues and indeed for the nation.
Scientific contributions of Dr. Khan
Enrichment of Uranium in Pakistan
- The scientific contributions of Dr. Khan have been recognized in several ways.
active scientist and technologist, he has published more than 188
scientific research papers in international journals of high repute.
- An editor of a large number of books on metallurgy, advanced materials and phase transformation.
academic and scholastic activities have attracted the attention of
number of western countries where he has delivered more than 100
work on Industrial Uranium Enrichment Plant for peaceful application of
nuclear technology has resulted in a breakthrough in the field of
metallurgy & materials science.
It is entirely due to his efforts that the process of enrichment of
Uranium was successfully completed in Pakistan. This breakthrough
ultimately resulted in the historic explosion of six nuclear bombs on May 28 and May 30, 1998.
Not only this but a significant development was also made with the
successful test firing of Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles,
- Ghauri I, on April 6, 1998
- Ghauri II on April 14, 1999.
Manmfacturing of sophisticated equipment
There are numerous contributions of Dr. Khan which have strengthened
the defence capability of Pakistan. Those, among others, include:
manufacturing of sophisticated equipment like Surface-to-Air
shoulder-fired anti-aircraft ANZA (MK-I & MK-II) and Baktar Shikan
anti tank guided missiles for the Armed Forces.
Supporter of Science and Technology education in Pakistan
Apart from his eminent contribution in the filed of Science and
Technology, Dr. Khan is an avid supporter of Science and Technology
education in Pakistan. As the Project Director of GIK Institute of
Science and Technology, he has invested his energies in developing the
Institute into an exemplary high technology institution.
He has contributed immensely to the establishment of educational and
research institutes in Pakistan. These include several colleges,
schools, Institutes and academies. So wide are the applications of his
activities that his contributions extend to the construction of 11
mosques, 1 tomb, a number of dispensaries and community health centers.
It is rare that a person in single life time accomplishes so much. This
is done only by men who are endowed with special abilities by God and
who prepare themselves through hard work and devotion to fulfill the
mission of serving mankind.
The list of his contribution and achievement is far too long to be
mentioned in this short citation. He is a person imbued with the spirit
of serving the cause of Pakistan and Muslim Ummah through his able
researches, high acumen, intellectual robustness and unwavering
devotion. So numerous are his activities that every segment of society
has praised him in different forms.
Honorary degrees of Doctor of Science
- Dr. Khan has received honorary degrees of
- Doctor of Science from the University of Karachi in 1993,
- Doctor of Science from Baqai Medical University on December 11, 1998,
- Doctor of Science from Hamdard University, Karachi, in March 6, 1999,
- Doctor of Science from Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, N.W.F.P. on April 16,1999,
- Doctor of Science from the University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore on December 9, 2000
- Doctor of Science from the Sir Syed University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi on March 25, 2001.
Pakistan Civil Awards
Dr. Khan the only
Pakistani to have been decorated with the highest civil award twice.
The Award was decorated by the President of Pakistan on 23-3-1999
- Conferred Hilal-i-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan on 14-8-1989 and decorated by the President of Pakistan on 23-3-1990
- Conferred Nishan-i-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan on 14-8-1996 and decorated by the President of Pakistan on 25-3-1997
- Conferred Nishan-i-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan on 14-8-1998 for the second time, thus making
He has been awarded 42 gold medals by various national institutions and organizations.
- He was also
presented with 3 gold crowns Dr. Khan is a Fellow of Kazakh National
Academy of Sciences, the first Asian scientist with this honour,
Elected Fellow of the Islamic Academy of Sciences and Honorary Member
of the Korean Academy of Science & Technology.
has also been elected as the Chairman of the Islamic Development Bank's
Advisory Panel on Science and Technology in the Panel's first ever
meeting, held at the IDB's headquarters in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on October 17, 2000. Being a Fellow of Pakistan Academy of Sciences,
- He was elected unopposed the President of the Academy's in 1997- the position that he still occupies. Besides,
is a member of a large number of national and international
professional organizations, which include Pakistan Institute of
Metallurgical Engineers; Pakistan Institute of Engineers; and Institute
of Central and West Asian Studies.
- Islamic Academy of Sciences,
- Kazakh National Academy of Sciences
- Pakistan Institute of Metallurgical Engineers
- Pakistan Institute of Engineers
- Institute of Central and West Asian Studies
- Chartered Engineer and Member, The institute of Materials, London
- Member of American Society of Metals (ASM)
- The Metallurgical Society of the American Institute of Met. Min. and Petr. Engineers (TMS)
- Canadian Institute of Metals (CIM)
- Japan Institute of Metals (JIM).
supporter of higher education
As an ardent supporter of higher education,
- Sits on the Boards of Governors and Syndicates of numerous universities and institutes.
- Member of the Executive Committee GIK Institute of Engineering and Technology, Topi;
- Member, Board of Governors, Hamdard University;
- Member, Board of Governors, Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology;
- Member Syndicate, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad;
- Member, Board of Governors, International Islamic University, Islamabad,
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (KIBGE), University of Karachi
- Dr. A. Q Khan Audiotorium [federal Urdu university Karachi](www.fuuast.edu.pk)
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Computer Sciences, Multan
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories (KRL), Kahuta
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Technology (KIT), Mianwali
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Ophthalmic Research Center, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Girls College for Computer Science, Rawalpindi
- Dr. A. Q. Khan College for Science & Technology, Rawalpindi
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Academy of Science, Gulberg, Faisalabad
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Hall & Gymnasium, Pearl Valley Public School, Rawalakot, Azad Jammu & Kashmir
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Block, Al-Markaz Al-Islami, Islamabad
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Center for Software Engineering, Islamabad
- Dr. A .Q. Khan Institute of Computer Sciences & Information Technology, Kahuta
- Dr. A .Q. Khan Institute for Developing Engineering Technologies, Lahore
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Technology & Management, Islamabad
- Dr. A. Q. Khan Block, D.J. Sindh Government Science College, Karachi
- Dr A.Q Khan Laboratory, Physics Department, Cadet College Kohat
- Zuleikha - Quadeer Science Block, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
Selected Research Papers and Patents
- "Topics in
Physical Metallurgy" - The Burgers Festschrift - Edited by A.Q. Khan
and M.J. Brabers, Elsevier F]Publishing Co., Amsterdam, August 1972. (contains ca. 35 articles & 460 pages).
- Stress-induced phase transformations and enhanced plasticity in Cu-Al and Cu-Al-Zn martensites, J. Materials Science, December, 1972, with G.V.d. Perre and L. Delaey.
- Topics in Physical Metallurgy' (Eds. A.Q. Khan and M.J. Brabers). , Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1972.
recovery and recrystallization in iron-containing aluminium bronzes,
Transformations Japan Institute of Metals, Volume 15, No. 2 (March 1974).
- Creating a complete metallurgical engineer, Metals and Materials, April 1974.
diffraction study of stacking sequences, stacking faults and
distortions in copper-based martensites - Application to Ci-Al and
Cu-Al-Zn martensites, J. Applied Cryst., published with G.V.d. Perre,
L. Delaey. H. Tas, W. Vandermeulen & A. Deruyttere, (1974).
- The Hall-Petch relationship in copper-based martensites, Materials Science & Engineering, vol.15, (1974), with M.J. Brabers and L. Delaey, pp. 263–274.
spread of Nuclear Weapons among nations: Militarization or Development,
pp. 417–430. (Ref. Nuclear War Nuclear Proliferation and their
consequences "Proceedings of the Vth International Colloquium organised
by the Group De Bellerive Geneva 27-29, June 1985, Edited by: Sadruddin Aga Khan, Published by Clarendon Press-Oxford 1986).
changes during Retrogression and reaging in AA-7075 - A TEM study,
Proceedings, Aluminium Technology `86, Section B, Institute of Metals (1986).
Determination in Steel using atomic Absorption spectrophotometer?
problems and their remedies, Pak Steel Journal, Vol 26, Jan-Mar. 1986.
Induced Vibrations in Gas Tube Assembly of Centrifuges, Journal of
Nuclear Science and technology, 23(9), (Sept. 1986), pp. 819–827.
investigation of a ® g transformation in 18% Ni maraging steels,
Proceedings of The International Conf. on Martensitie Transformations (1986), The Japan Institute of Metals, pp. 560–565.
and magnetic properties of double-aged 18% nickel maraging steels,
Proceedings of The International Conf. on Martensitie Transformations (1986), The Japan Institute of Metals, pp. 572–577.
- Physical and mechanical properties of ultra-high strength 18% nickel maraging steel, vol.28, (Jul-Sept./Oct-Dec. 1986). Pakistan Steel Journal, pp. 87–90.
- Some remarks on the hardness and yield strength of aluminum alloy 7075 as a function of retrogression time, vol. 18-A,, Feb. 1987, Metallurgical Transactions, pp. 350–354.
stage electron microscopy of rapidly solidified Cu-Al-Ni ß-phase
alloys, Proc. 2nd Beijing Conf. and Exhib. on Instrum. Analysis, 1987.
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